The vineyards of Bohemia, which belong to the most northern vineyards of European viticulture, are a must see for all wine lovers. Here visitors will find a total of 662 hectares of vineyards, representing 4 % of all registered vineyards in the Czech Republic.
Situated in the Bohemian wine-growing sub-region of Litoměřicka, the town of Litoměřice was the second largest wine-growing town in Bohemia, second only to Prague, in The Middle Ages. The majority of vineyards lie on the southern slopes of the Česke středohoři Mountains. Taking advantage of its convenient microclimatic conditions, created by a lower sea level and protected by the southern slopes of the picturesque landscape of the mountains, they produce delicious wines with specific flavours that wine lovers must discover.
A wine route has been launched to provide wine lovers with not only an enjoyable experience, but an introduction to the history and flavours of these traditional wines. The Region’s wine growing dates back to the times of the area’s oldest settlement by a group of Czech inhabitants called “Liutomerici“, by Kosmas and also to the times of Christian expansion.
The Litoměřice Wine Route, only 20 kilometers long, begins in the historic centre of Litoměřice and runs along the river Labe to Velké Žernoseky, then across the Labe, and through the Opárenské valley to Lovosice. Alternatively the journey can be pleasantly shortened by cruises, the cruise ship moors in three villages along the route of the journey in Litoměřice.
During the trip, visitors will not only enjoy the wine experience but will also have the privilege of the scenic landscape. One of the not-to-be-missed sites is Porta Bohemica or the Czech Gate, a canyon in river Labe; geographically, it is a 4km-long section between the villages of Velké Žernoseky and Libochovany. Here visitors will find many places with wonderful panoramic views of the valley of Labe and the surrounding hills of České středohoří.
One of the area’s unique riches is its large variety of plants, thanks to its geological and climatic conditions, including the most ecologically challenging ones where there is an existence of more than 100 specially protected varieties of plants is registered. Also, from the second half of 19th century, fruit growing started to develop here, acquiring a high level of quality becoming the typical feature of the landscape character of the whole area. It is for this reason that the region of Porta Bohemica is often called “a Czech Garden”.